Called Sugbuanons or Sugbuhanons on the island of Cebu, Cebuanos are found in the provinces of Cebu, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Bohol, Leyte, and Southern Leyte; across the island of Mindanao; and in small and good-sized communities countrywide. Now commonly known as Bisaya, Cebuano is the lingua franca of the Visayas and Mindanao. While other languages and dialects are also spoken, Cebuano is mutually intelligible and understood by the majority in these areas.
Cebu City is known as the Queen City of the South and often regarded as the cultural capital of the Cebuanos. The city served as the gateway for Catholicism to the Philippines, so Cebuanos are said to be highly Christianized. Spanish culture and indigenous Philippine traditions have strongly influenced Cebuano culture.
The main source of livelihood in Cebu has the vast ocean surrounding it. For reason, Cebuanos delight in seafood. Fishing was the island’s primary source of income before technology and modernity gained footholds.
Cebuanos are famous for their guitars, baskets, hats, and mats of all types. They are proud of their being artistic and creative; various forms of art (painting, sculpting, and drawing), singing, dancing, and writing are cornerstones of Cebuano culture. Many popular mainstream artists in the Philippines are from Cebu City, and painters, singers, and writers reside there.