Moriones Festival of Marinduque
by Jhaypee Guia
The Moriones is an annual festival held on Holy Week on the island of Marinduque, Philippines. The "Moriones" are men and women in costumes and masks replicating the garb of biblical Roman soldiers as interpreted by local folk. The Moriones or Moryonan tradition has inspired the creation of other festivals in the Philippines where cultural practices or folk history are turned into street festivals.
Morion means "mask" or "visor," a part of the medieval Roman armor which covers the face. Moriones, on the other hand, refers to the masked and costumed penitents who march around the town for seven days searching for Longinus. Morions roam the streets in town from Holy Monday to Easter Sunday scaring the kids, or engaging in antics or surprises to draw attention. This is a folk-religious festival that re-enacts the story of Saint Longinus, a Roman centurion who was blind in one eye. The festival is characterized by colorful Roman costumes, painted masks and helmets, and brightly-colored tunics. The towns of Boac, Gasan, Santa Cruz, Buenavista and Mogpog in the island of Marinduque become one gigantic stage. The observances form part of the Lenten celebrations of Marinduque. The various towns also hold the unique tradition of the pabasa or the recitation of Christ's passion in verse.
Then at three o'clock on Good Friday afternoon, the Santo Sepulcro is observed, whereby old women exchange verses based on the Bible as they stand in the wake of the dead Christ. One of the highlights of this festival is the Via Crucis. A re-enactment of the suffering of Christ on his way to the Calvary. Men inflict suffering upon themselves by whipping their backs, carrying a wooden cross and sometimes even crucifixion. They see this act as their form of atonement for their sins. This weeklong celebration starts on Holy Monday and ends on Easter Sunday.
The term "Moriones" was concocted by the media in the 60s, but local inhabitants have kept the original term, "Moryonan". Many practitioners are farmers and fishermen who engage in this age-old tradition as a vow of penance or thanksgiving. Legend has it that Longinus pierced the side of the crucified Christ. The blood that spurted forth touched his blind eye and fully restored his sight. This miracle converted Longinus to Christianity and earned the ire of his fellow centurions. The re-enactment reaches its climax when Longinus is caught and beheaded.
In Valencia, Spain, there is a similar celebration called Festival de Moros y Cristianos (Moors and Christians Festival). It is almost certain that the word "Moriones" was derived from "Moros". Another possible derivation is from the Spanish word "murió" (root:morir) meaning death. The origin of the festival is traced to Mogpog and the year 1807 when the parish priest of said town, Fr. Dionisio Santiago, organized it for the first time.
List of Accommodations
- Club Marinduque and Resort - Brgy Pingan, Gasan
- Bellarocca Island Resort and Spa - Barangay Tungib - Lipata
- The Boac Hotel - Brgy. San Miguel, Boac, Marinduque
- Bus companies such as: TRITRAN Bus, Southstar Liner, De la Rosa Liner, Lucena Lines and JAM Liner ply the route from Manila to the Port of Lucena
- Bus Terminals are located at Sen. Gil Puyat Avenue (Buendia) cor Taft Avenue, Ali Mall Compound and EDSA in Quezon City
- Fast craft ferry service passengers bound Sta Cruz, Buyabod, Balanacan and Mogpog ports for two-hour ride
- Roll-on/roll-off boats takes 3 hours of sea travel from Lucena City
- Jeepneys, FX and tricycles are available at the ports to take passenger to various points of destination
- By air, Zest Air flies have regular flights four times a week to Gasan Airport
- Travel time is approximately 45 minutes by air from Manila.