The 9th largest ethnic group in the Philippines, the Pangasinense population is concentrated in Lingayen Gulf, Pangasinan Province, in the central area of Luzon Island. Their language can be called both Pangasinan and Pangasinense.
Pangasinan is the largest province in the Ilocos Region, with 44 municipalities. Its name means “land of salt,” derived from asin (salt) and the affixes pang- and -an (“place of”). Other principal economic activities apart from salt production are farming and fishing.
The Pangasinense culture is a rich mix of Malayo-Polynesian, Hispanic, American, and Chinese influences.