Articles in the category Mythology & folklore (150)

Due to Plasencia’s Catholic mindset and the Spanish vengeance to cleanse the lands of “heathens”, early Filipino’s were trained, forced, and convinced to associate some of these beings with the devil. The Spanish were successful in eliminating the belief in deities and de-powering the spiritual leaders, but they were no match for superstitions. Legazpi stated his mission soon after he arrived on the Islands.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Bayoguin, Catolonan, Doctrina Cristiana
The Suludnon, also known as the Tumandok, Panay-Bukidnon, or Panayanon Sulud, are an indigenous Visayan group of people who reside in the Capiz-Lambunao mountainous area of Panay in the Visayan islands of the Philippines. They are the only culturally indigenous group of Visayan language-speakers in the Western Visayas.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Panayanon, Suludnon, Tumandok
THE CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE of the Trinity holds that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases —the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as “one God in three Divine Persons”.The trinity doctrine is not unique to, nor original with, Christianity. It has deep Pagan roots, dating back to at least two centuries BC, and has been prominent in many Eastern religions ever since.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Holy Spirit, hypostases, Trinity
Engkanto are environmental spirits. They are often associated with the spirits of ancestors in the Philippines. They are also characterized as spirit sorts like sirens, dark beings, diwata, and more. Belief in their existence has existed for centuries, and continues, with some, to this day. Anito is used to refer to spirits, deceased ancestors, nature-spirits nymphs and diwatas. Ancient Filipinos kept statues to represent these spirits, ask guidance and magical protection.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Anito, Engkanto, Spirits
There is a special place in the Bagobo underworld for children who died at their mothers’ breasts. They are nourished by the goddess Mebuyan whose entire body is delicious with milk glands. When they no longer need nursing and can shift for themselves, they go trooping to another district underground to join people who died later in life of disease or any form of sickness.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Bagobo, Mebuyan, milk glands
The stories of ancient Philippine mythology include deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs. Ancient Philippine mythology varies among the many indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Some groups during the pre-Spanish conquest era believed in a single Supreme Being who created the world and everything in it, while others chose to worship a multitude of tree and forest deities (diwatas).
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: creatures, Mythical, pre-Spanish
“The Visayan still holds to many of the old superstitions, not because he has reasoned them out for himself, but because his ancestors believed them and transmitted them to him in such stories as these. [The Creation Story is] A very old explanatory tale. In a slightly varying form it is found in other parts of the Islands.” – Mabel Cook Cole, 1916
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: monotheism, Pedro Chirino, Visayans
There was a time in the Philippines where homosexuality was regarded in high esteem. Homosexuals were given the same rights as that of heterosexual folks. In some cases, they held important powers and leadership roles in the community – next to the “Datu” or the chieftain. The records and evidence to support these claims are tied to the traditional concept of the Babaylan.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Asogs, Babaylan, Katalonan
The stories of ancient Philippine mythology include deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs. Ancient Philippine mythology varies among the many indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Some groups during the pre-Spanish conquest era believed in a single Supreme Being who created the world and everything in it, while others chose to worship a multitude of tree and forest deities (diwatas).
Continue reading (1,391 words, 3 pictures)

Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: beliefs, creatures, deities, Mythical
What were the gender roles in the pre-Spanish Philippines? Well, that is a subject where there is no consistent pattern or view. It depends entirely on the tribe, region, and outside influences through immigration and trade. What we have is a great deal of educated guesswork and academic speculation. I can , however, paraphrase one truth about gender in the ancient Philippines.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: female, Ilongot, pre-colonial, ritualist
Before I start, I will state that I do believe the ancient Philippines did not spend time focusing on (and judging) the sexuality of others. I also believe that homosexuality and transgender people (although I can only find instances of transwomen) were accepted throughout many areas. When it comes to gender identity, evidence shows that the ancient Philippines had much more liberal views than we see in modern society.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Bulanm, gender, identity, Sidapa
THE EXAMINATION of Philippine pre-history and how that fits into the modern L.G.B.T.Q.I.A.+ movement is always a very fascinating and popular topic here at The Aswang Project. I’ve written about the subject a few times, and have always remained open to new ideas, opinions and concepts. I’ve had my mind changed about different theories and try to present the articles as a discussion rather than a dictation of fact. I am also presenting this article as a starting point for discussion.
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Published on 09/01/2019 by Papagei
Categories: Culture, Mythology & folklore
Tags: Bulan, homosexuals, Libulan, Mythology